GPRE Q3 2018 Form 10-Q_



UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

______________________





FORM 10-Q



Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934



For the Quarterly Period Ended September 30, 2018



Commission File Number 001-32924



Green Plains Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)





 

Iowa

84-1652107

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)



 

1811 Aksarben Drive, Omaha, NE 68106

(402) 884-8700

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.



Yes   No



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

Yes   No



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer,  a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.



 

Large accelerated filer      

Accelerated filer 



 

Non-accelerated filer    



Smaller reporting company 

Emerging growth company 



If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). 



Yes   No



The number of shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, outstanding as of November 5, 2018, was 41,414,396 shares.





 

 


 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS





 

 



 

 



Page

Commonly Used Defined Terms

2

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.

Financial Statements

 



 

 



Consolidated Balance Sheets 

3



 

 



Consolidated Statements of Operations

4



 

 



Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income 

5



 

 



Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows 

6



 

 



Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements 

8



 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

35



 

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 

49



 

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

51



 

 



 

 

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION



 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

53



 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

53



 

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

54



 

 

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

54



 

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

55



 

 

Item 5.

Other Information

55

 

 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

56



 

 

Signatures

57



 

1

 


 

 







Commonly Used Defined Terms



The abbreviations, acronyms and industry terminology used in this quarterly report are defined as follows:



Green Plains Inc., Subsidiaries, and Partners:





 

Green Plains; the company

Green Plains Inc. and its subsidiaries

BioProcess Algae

BioProcess Algae LLC

DKGP

DKGP Energy Terminals LLC

Fleischmann’s Vinegar

Fleischmann’s Vinegar Company, Inc.

Green Plains Cattle

Green Plains Cattle Company LLC

Green Plains Grain

Green Plains Grain Company LLC

Green Plains Partners; the partnership

Green Plains Partners LP

Green Plains Processing

Green Plains Processing LLC and its subsidiaries

Green Plains Trade

Green Plains Trade Group LLC

Green Plains Commodity Management

Green Plains Commodity Management LLC



Accounting Defined Terms:





 

AMT

Alternative minimum tax

ASC

Accounting Standards Codification

EBITDA

Earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization

EPS

Earnings per share

Exchange Act

Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended

FASB

Financial Accounting Standards Board

GAAP

U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles

LIBOR

London Interbank Offered Rate

LTIP

Long-Term Incentive Plan

R&D Credits

Research and development tax credits

SEC

Securities and Exchange Commission



Other Defined Terms:





 

CAFE

Corporate Average Fuel Economy

D.C.

District of Columbia

E10

Gasoline blended with up to 10% ethanol by volume

E15

Gasoline blended with up to 15% ethanol by volume

E85

Gasoline blended with up to 85% ethanol by volume

EIA

U.S. Energy Information Administration

EISA

Energy Independence and Security Act of 2017, as amended

EPA

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

MmBtu

Million British Thermal Units

Mmg

Million gallons

MTBE

Methyl tertiary-butyl ether

RBOB

Reformulated blendstock for oxygenate blending

RFS II

Renewable Fuels Standard II

RIN

Renewable identification number

RVO

Renewable volume obligation

U.S.

United States

USDA

U.S. Department of Agriculture











2

 


 

 

PART 1 – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements.

GREEN PLAINS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

 CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS



(in thousands, except share amounts)











 

 

 

 

 



September 30,
2018

 

December 31,
2017



(unaudited)

 

 

 

ASSETS

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

171,674 

 

$

266,651 

Restricted cash

 

62,797 

 

 

45,709 

Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $206 and $217, respectively

 

134,950 

 

 

151,122 

Income taxes receivable

 

13,211 

 

 

6,413 

Inventories

 

765,198 

 

 

711,878 

Prepaid expenses and other

 

15,529 

 

 

17,808 

Derivative financial instruments

 

24,254 

 

 

6,890 

Total current assets

 

1,187,613 

 

 

1,206,471 

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation
and amortization of $588,336 and $514,585, respectively

 

1,143,551 

 

 

1,176,707 

Goodwill

 

182,879 

 

 

182,879 

Other assets

 

170,791 

 

 

218,593 

Total assets

$

2,684,834 

 

$

2,784,650 



 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

$

155,663 

 

$

205,479 

Accrued and other liabilities

 

47,955 

 

 

63,886 

Derivative financial instruments

 

41,725 

 

 

12,884 

Income taxes payable

 

                      -

 

 

9,909 

Short-term notes payable and other borrowings

 

556,566 

 

 

526,180 

Current maturities of long-term debt

 

65,614 

 

 

67,923 

Total current liabilities

 

867,523 

 

 

886,261 

Long-term debt

 

767,177 

 

 

767,396 

Deferred income taxes

 

21,764 

 

 

56,801 

Other liabilities

 

14,235 

 

 

15,056 

Total liabilities

 

1,670,699 

 

 

1,725,514 



 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 14)

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders' equity

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value; 75,000,000 shares authorized;
46,746,346 and 46,410,405 shares issued, and 41,420,454
and 41,084,463 shares outstanding, respectively

 

47 

 

 

46 

Additional paid-in capital

 

695,143 

 

 

685,019 

Retained earnings

 

276,082 

 

 

325,411 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(17,176)

 

 

(13,110)

Treasury stock, 5,325,892 and 5,325,942 shares, respectively

 

(55,183)

 

 

(55,184)

Total Green Plains stockholders' equity

 

898,913 

 

 

942,182 

Noncontrolling interests

 

115,222 

 

 

116,954 

Total stockholders' equity

 

1,014,135 

 

 

1,059,136 

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$

2,684,834 

 

$

2,784,650 



 

 

 

 

 



See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

3

 


 

 

GREEN PLAINS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS



(unaudited and in thousands, except per share amounts)









 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three Months Ended
September 30,

 

Nine Months Ended
September 30,



2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Product revenues

$

998,802 

 

$

899,534 

 

$

3,027,678 

 

$

2,670,458 

Service revenues

 

1,298 

 

 

1,701 

 

 

4,546 

 

 

4,724 

Total revenues

 

1,000,100 

 

 

901,235 

 

 

3,032,224 

 

 

2,675,182 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Costs and expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of goods sold (excluding depreciation and amortization expenses reflected below)

 

936,384 

 

 

815,787 

 

 

2,835,344 

 

 

2,457,702 

Operations and maintenance expenses

 

7,271 

 

 

8,309 

 

 

23,564 

 

 

25,107 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

25,083 

 

 

28,589 

 

 

80,817 

 

 

77,946 

Depreciation and amortization expenses

 

30,713 

 

 

27,834 

 

 

84,010 

 

 

80,105 

Total costs and expenses

 

999,451 

 

 

880,519 

 

 

3,023,735 

 

 

2,640,860 

Operating income

 

649 

 

 

20,716 

 

 

8,489 

 

 

34,322 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income (expense)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

790 

 

 

383 

 

 

2,136 

 

 

1,061 

Interest expense

 

(23,399)

 

 

(31,889)

 

 

(67,548)

 

 

(69,815)

Other, net

 

(117)

 

 

1,444 

 

 

2,362 

 

 

2,811 

Total other expense

 

(22,726)

 

 

(30,062)

 

 

(63,050)

 

 

(65,943)

Loss before income taxes

 

(22,077)

 

 

(9,346)

 

 

(54,561)

 

 

(31,621)

Income tax benefit

 

14,658 

 

 

48,775 

 

 

31,438 

 

 

60,905 

Net income (loss)

 

(7,419)

 

 

39,429 

 

 

(23,123)

 

 

29,284 

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

5,050 

 

 

5,035 

 

 

14,457 

 

 

14,853 

Net income (loss) attributable to Green Plains

$

(12,469)

 

$

34,394 

 

$

(37,580)

 

$

14,431 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to Green Plains - basic

$

(0.31)

 

$

0.83 

 

$

(0.94)

 

$

0.36 

Net income (loss) attributable to Green Plains - diluted

$

(0.31)

 

$

0.74 

 

$

(0.94)

 

$

0.48 

Weighted average shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

40,229 

 

 

41,348 

 

 

40,189 

 

 

40,008 

Diluted

 

40,229 

 

 

50,647 

 

 

40,189 

 

 

50,693 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash dividend declared per share

$

0.12 

 

$

0.12 

 

$

0.36 

 

$

0.36 





See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.



4

 


 

 

GREEN PLAINS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME



(unaudited and in thousands)









 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three Months Ended
September 30,

 

Nine Months Ended
September 30,



2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

$

(7,419)

 

$

39,429 

 

$

(23,123)

 

$

29,284 

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized losses on derivatives arising during the period, net of tax benefit of $4,314, $4,575, $343 and $5,633, respectively

 

(14,395)

 

 

(7,660)

 

 

(1,522)

 

 

(9,436)

Reclassification of realized losses (gains) on derivatives, net of tax expense (benefit) of ($420), ($2,650), ($55) and $21, respectively

 

1,427 

 

 

4,453 

 

 

243 

 

 

(34)

Total other comprehensive loss, net of tax

 

(12,968)

 

 

(3,207)

 

 

(1,279)

 

 

(9,470)

Comprehensive income (loss)

 

(20,387)

 

 

36,222 

 

 

(24,402)

 

 

19,814 

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

5,050 

 

 

5,035 

 

 

14,457 

 

 

14,853 

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Green Plains

$

(25,437)

 

$

31,187 

 

$

(38,859)

 

$

4,961 





See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.



5

 


 

 

GREEN PLAINS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS



(unaudited and in thousands)







 

 

 

 

 



Nine Months Ended
September 30,



2018

 

2017

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

$

(23,123)

 

$

29,284 

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

84,010 

 

 

80,105 

Amortization of debt issuance costs and debt discount

 

11,343 

 

 

11,222 

Loss on exchange of 3.25% convertible notes due 2018

 

 -

 

 

1,291 

Gain on disposal of assets

 

(2,743)

 

 

(2,439)

Write-off of deferred financing fees related to extinguishment of debt

 

 -

 

 

9,460 

Deferred income taxes

 

(37,980)

 

 

(88,565)

Other noncurrent assets and liabilities

 

 -

 

 

18,062 

Stock-based compensation

 

8,726 

 

 

8,761 

Undistributed equity loss of affiliates

 

489 

 

 

120 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities before effects of business combinations:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

18,069 

 

 

32,267 

Inventories

 

53,363 

 

 

(168,788)

Derivative financial instruments

 

9,843 

 

 

(12,738)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

2,184 

 

 

2,180 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

 

(68,520)

 

 

(34,278)

Current income taxes

 

31,220 

 

 

(1,540)

Other

 

(2,493)

 

 

1,361 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

 

84,388 

 

 

(114,235)



 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment, net

 

(31,114)

 

 

(36,475)

Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired

 

(124,407)

 

 

(61,727)

Investments in unconsolidated subsidiaries

 

(2,446)

 

 

(12,033)

Other investing activities

 

7,500 

 

 

 -

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(150,467)

 

 

(110,235)



 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from the issuance of long-term debt

 

58,700 

 

 

551,500 

Payments of principal on long-term debt

 

(62,537)

 

 

(487,450)

Proceeds from short-term borrowings

 

3,095,927 

 

 

3,301,630 

Payments on short-term borrowings

 

(3,065,953)

 

 

(3,135,347)

Cash payment for exchange of 3.25% convertible notes due 2018

 

 -

 

 

(8,523)

Payments for repurchase of common stock

 

 -

 

 

(5,733)

Payments of cash dividends and distributions

 

(30,921)

 

 

(29,267)

Payment penalty on early extinguishment of debt

 

 -

 

 

(2,881)

Payments of loan fees

 

(3,961)

 

 

(15,541)

Payments related to tax withholdings for stock-based compensation

 

(3,215)

 

 

(4,105)

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

 

150 

 

 

50 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

(11,810)

 

 

164,333 



 

 

 

 

 

Net change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

(77,889)

 

 

(60,137)

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period

 

312,360 

 

 

406,791 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period

$

234,471 

 

$

346,654 



 

 

 

 

 

Continued on the following page

 

 

 

 

 

6

 


 

 

GREEN PLAINS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES



CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS



(unaudited and in thousands)













 

 

 

 

 

Continued from the previous page

 

 

 

 

 



Nine Months Ended
September 30,



2018

 

2017

Reconciliation of total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

171,674 

 

$

261,588 

Restricted cash

 

62,797 

 

 

85,066 

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

$

234,471 

 

$

346,654 



 

 

 

 

 

Non-cash financing activity:

 

 

 

 

 

Modification of 3.25% convertible notes due 2019

$

4,660 

 

$

 -

Exchange of 3.25% convertible notes due 2018 for shares

of common stock

$

 -

 

$

47,743 

Exchange of common stock held in treasury stock for 3.25%

convertible notes due 2018

$

 

$

27,356 



 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental investing and financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Assets acquired in acquisitions, net of cash

$

124,525 

 

$

62,209 

Less: liabilities assumed

 

(118)

 

 

(482)

Net assets acquired

$

124,407 

 

$

61,727 



 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid (received) for income taxes

$

(23,568)

 

$

2,062 

Cash paid for interest

$

58,297 

 

$

39,984 







See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

7

 


 

 

GREEN PLAINS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES



NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS



(unaudited)



1.  BASIS OF PRESENTATION, DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES



References to the Company



References to “Green Plains” or the “company” in the consolidated financial statements and in these notes to the consolidated financial statements refer to Green Plains Inc., an Iowa corporation, and its subsidiaries.



Consolidated Financial Statements



The consolidated financial statements include the company’s accounts and all significant intercompany balances and transactions are eliminated. Unconsolidated entities are included in the financial statements on an equity basis. As of September 30, 2018, the company owns a 62.4% limited partner interest and a 2.0% general partner interest in Green Plains Partners LP. Public investors own the remaining 35.6% limited partner interest in the partnership. The company determined that the limited partners in the partnership with equity at risk lack the power, through voting rights or similar rights, to direct the activities that most significantly impact partnership’s economic performance; therefore, the partnership is considered a variable interest entity. The company, through its ownership of the general partner interest in the partnership, has the power to direct the activities that most significantly affect economic performance and is obligated to absorb losses and has the right to receive benefits that could be significant to the partnership. Therefore, the company is considered the primary beneficiary and consolidates the partnership in the company’s financial statements. The assets of the partnership cannot be used by the company for general corporate purposes. The partnership’s consolidated total assets as of September 30, 2018,  and December 31, 2017, excluding intercompany balances, were $71.5 million and $74.9 million, respectively, and primarily consisted of property and equipment and goodwill. The partnership’s consolidated total liabilities as of September 30, 2018,  and December 31, 2017, excluding intercompany balances, were $152.7 million and $153.0 million, respectively, which primarily consisted of long-term debt as discussed in Note 9 – Debt. The liabilities recognized as a result of consolidating the partnership do not represent additional claims on our general assets. The company also owns a 90.0% interest in BioProcess Algae, a joint venture formed in 2008, and consolidates their results in its consolidated financial statements.



The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with GAAP for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Because they do not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP, the consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.



The unaudited financial information reflects adjustments which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of results of operations, financial position and cash flows for the periods presented. The adjustments are normal and recurring in nature, unless otherwise noted. Interim period results are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the entire year.



Reclassifications



Certain prior year amounts were reclassified to conform to the current year presentation. These reclassifications did not affect total revenues, costs and expenses, net income (loss) or stockholders’ equity.



Use of Estimates in the Preparation of Consolidated Financial Statements



The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The company bases its estimates on historical experience and assumptions it believes are proper and reasonable under the circumstances and regularly evaluates the appropriateness of its estimates and assumptions. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Key accounting policies, including but not limited to those relating to revenue recognition, depreciation of property and equipment, carrying value of intangible assets, impairment of long-lived assets and goodwill, derivative financial instruments, accounting for income taxes and assets acquired and liabilities assumed in acquisitions, are impacted significantly by judgments, assumptions and estimates used in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements.

8

 


 

 



Description of Business



The company operates within four business segments: (1) ethanol production, which includes the production of ethanol and distillers grains, and recovery of corn oil, (2) agribusiness and energy services, which includes grain handling and storage, commodity marketing and merchant trading for company-produced and third-party ethanol, distillers grains, corn oil, natural gas and other commodities, (3) food and ingredients, which includes cattle feeding, vinegar production and food-grade corn oil operations and (4) partnership, which includes fuel storage and transportation services.



Cash and Cash Equivalents



Cash and cash equivalents includes bank deposits as well as short-term, highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.



Restricted Cash



The company has restricted cash, which can only be used for funding letters of credit or for payment towards a revolving credit agreement. Restricted cash also includes cash margins and securities pledged to commodity exchange clearinghouses. To the degree these segregated balances are cash and cash equivalents, they are considered restricted cash on the consolidated statements of cash flows.



Revenue Recognition



The company recognizes revenue at the point in time when the product or service is transferred to the customer.



Sales of ethanol, distillers grains, corn oil, natural gas and other commodities by the company’s marketing business are recognized when obligations under the terms of a contract with a customer are satisfied. Generally, this occurs with the transfer of control of products or services. Revenues related to marketing for third parties are presented on a gross basis as the company controls the product prior to the sale to the end customer, takes title of the product and has inventory risk. Unearned revenue is recorded for goods in transit when the company has received payment but control has not yet been transferred to the customer. Revenues for receiving, storing, transferring and transporting ethanol and other fuels are recognized when the product is delivered to the customer.



The company routinely enters into physical-delivery energy commodity purchase and sale agreements. At times, the company settles these transactions by transferring its obligations to other counterparties rather than delivering the physical commodity. Energy trading transactions are reported net as a component of revenue. All other transactions are reported net as either a component of revenue or cost of goods sold, depending on their position as a gain or loss. Revenues also include realized gains and losses on related derivative financial instruments and reclassifications of realized gains and losses on cash flow hedges from accumulated other comprehensive income or loss.



Sales of products, including agricultural commodities, cattle and vinegar, are recognized when control of the product is transferred to the customer, which depends on the agreed upon shipment or delivery terms. Revenues related to grain merchandising are presented gross and include shipping and handling, which is also a component of cost of goods sold. Revenues from grain storage are recognized when services are rendered.



A substantial portion of the partnership revenues are derived from fixed-fee commercial agreements for storage, terminal or transportation services. The partnership recognizes revenue upon transfer of control of product from its storage tanks and fuel terminals, when railcar volumetric capacity is provided, and as truck transportation services are performed.



Shipping and Handling Costs



We account for shipping and handling activities related to contracts with customers as costs to fulfill our promise to transfer the associated products. Accordingly, we record customer payments associated with shipping and handling costs as a component of revenue, and classify such costs as a component of cost of goods sold.



Cost of Goods Sold



Cost of goods sold includes direct labor, materials, shipping and plant overhead costs. Direct labor includes all compensation and related benefits of non-management personnel involved in ethanol and vinegar production, and cattle feeding operations. Grain purchasing and receiving costs, excluding labor costs for grain buyers and scale operators, are also

9

 


 

 

included in cost of goods sold. Materials include the cost of corn feedstock, denaturant, process chemicals, cattle and veterinary supplies. Corn feedstock costs include gains and losses on related derivative financial instruments not designated as cash flow hedges, inbound freight charges, inspection costs and transfer costs, as well as reclassifications of gains and losses on cash flow hedges from accumulated other comprehensive income or loss. Plant overhead consists primarily of plant and feedlot utilities, repairs and maintenance, feedlot expenses and outbound freight charges. Shipping costs incurred by the company, including railcar costs, are also reflected in cost of goods sold.



The company uses exchange-traded futures and options contracts and forward purchase and sales contracts to attempt to minimize the effect of price changes on ethanol, grain, natural gas and cattle inventories. Exchange-traded futures and options contracts are valued at quoted market prices and settled predominantly in cash. The company is exposed to loss when counterparties default on forward purchase and sale contracts. Grain inventories held for sale and forward purchase and sale contracts are valued at market prices when available or other market quotes adjusted for differences, primarily in transportation, between the exchange-traded market and local market where the terms of the contract is based. Changes in forward purchase contracts and exchange-traded futures and options contracts are recognized as a component of cost of goods sold.



Operations and Maintenance Expenses



In the partnership segment, transportation expenses represent the primary component of operations and maintenance expenses. Transportation expenses include railcar leases, freight and shipping of the company’s ethanol and co-products, as well as costs incurred storing ethanol at destination terminals.



Derivative Financial Instruments



The company uses various derivative financial instruments, including exchange-traded futures and exchange-traded and over-the-counter options contracts, to attempt to minimize risk and the effect of commodity price changes including but not limited to, corn, ethanol, cattle, natural gas and crude oil. The company monitors and manages this exposure as part of its overall risk management policy to reduce the adverse effect market volatility may have on its operating results. The company may hedge these commodities as one way to mitigate risk; however, there may be situations when these hedging activities themselves result in losses.



By using derivatives to hedge exposures to changes in commodity prices, the company is exposed to credit and market risk. The company’s exposure to credit risk includes the counterparty’s failure to fulfill its performance obligations under the terms of the derivative contract. The company minimizes its credit risk by entering into transactions with high quality counterparties, limiting the amount of financial exposure it has with each counterparty and monitoring their financial condition. Market risk is the risk that the value of the financial instrument might be adversely affected by a change in commodity prices or interest rates. The company manages market risk by incorporating parameters to monitor exposure within its risk management strategy, which limits the types of derivative instruments and strategies the company can use and the degree of market risk it can take using derivative instruments.



The company evaluates its physical delivery contracts to determine if they qualify for normal purchase or sale exemptions which are expected to be used or sold over a reasonable period in the normal course of business. Contracts that do not meet the normal purchase or sale criteria are recorded at fair value. Changes in fair value are recorded in operating income unless the contracts qualify for, and the company elects, cash flow hedge accounting treatment.



Certain qualifying derivatives related to ethanol production, agribusiness and energy services, and food and ingredients segments are designated as cash flow hedges. The company evaluates the derivative instrument to ascertain its effectiveness prior to entering into cash flow hedges. Unrealized gains and losses are reflected in accumulated other comprehensive income or loss until the gain or loss from the underlying hedged transaction is realized. When it becomes probable a forecasted transaction will not occur, the cash flow hedge treatment is discontinued, which affects earnings. These derivative financial instruments are recognized in current assets or other current liabilities at fair value.



At times, the company hedges its exposure to changes in inventory values and designates qualifying derivatives as fair value hedges. The carrying amount of the hedged inventory is adjusted in the current period for changes in fair value. Ineffectiveness of the hedges is recognized in the current period to the extent the change in fair value of the inventory is not offset by the change in fair value of the derivative. 







10

 


 

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

Effective January 1, 2018, the company adopted the amended guidance in ASC Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. Please refer to Note 2 – Revenue for further details.



Effective January 1, 2018, the company adopted the amended guidance in ASC Topic 230, Statement of Cash Flows: Restricted Cash, which requires amounts generally described as restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents to be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. The amended guidance was applied retrospectively. As a result, net cash used in operating activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2017, was adjusted to exclude the change in restricted cash and decreased the previously reported balance by $8.0 million. Net cash provided by financing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2017, was adjusted to exclude the change in restricted cash and decreased the previously reported balance by $25.5 million.



Effective January 1, 2018, the company adopted the amended guidance in ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes: Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets other than Inventory, which requires the recognition of current and deferred income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory when the transfer occurs. The amended guidance is required on a modified retrospective basis, with a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the year of adoption. The adoption of the guidance did not have an impact to the financial statements.



Effective January 1, 2018, the company adopted the amended guidance in ASC Topic 805, Business Combinations: Clarifying the Definition of a Business, which clarifies the definition of a business and provides guidance to assist companies and other reporting organizations evaluate whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions or disposals of assets or businesses. The amended guidance will be applied prospectively.



Effective January 1, 2018, the company early adopted the amended guidance in ASC Topic 350, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other: Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment, which simplifies the measurement of goodwill by eliminating Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. The annual goodwill impairment test will be performed by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. An impairment charge equal to the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value, not to exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit, would be recognized. The amended guidance will be applied prospectively, and used when the annual impairment test is performed in the current year. The company does not believe the new guidance will have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements.



Effective January 1, 2018, the company early adopted the amended guidance in ASC Topic 220, Income Statement – Reporting Comprehensive Income: Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income, which allows a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. The amendment eliminates the stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act and is intended to improve the usefulness of information reported. As a result, the company recorded a $2.8 million reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings during the first quarter of 2018. It is the company’s policy to release income tax effects from accumulated other comprehensive income using the portfolio approach.



Effective January 1, 2019, the company will adopt the amended guidance in ASC Topic 842, Leases, which aims to make leasing activities more transparent and comparable, requiring substantially all leases to be recognized by lessees on the balance sheet as a right-of-use asset and corresponding lease liability, including leases currently accounted for as operating leases. The new standard is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2018. The standard requires a modified retrospective transition approach and allows for early adoption. In July 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update, Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements, which provides an option to apply the transition provisions of the new standard at adoption date instead of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements. The company will elect to use this optional transition method.



The company has established an implementation team which continues to review current accounting policies, internal controls, processes, and disclosures that will change as a result of adopting the new standard. The company has gathered information on existing leases to obtain a complete population of leases upon adoption, and has implemented a lease accounting system, which will assist in delivering the required accounting changes and disclosures. The new standard will significantly increase right-of-use assets and lease liabilities on the company’s consolidated balance sheet, primarily due to operating leases that are currently not recognized on the balance sheet. In addition, it will also require expanded disclosures

11

 


 

 

in the company’s consolidated financial statements. The company will complete its assessment of the impact of the new guidance on its consolidated financial statements during the fourth quarter of 2018.



2.  REVENUE



Adoption of ASC Topic 606



On January 1, 2018, the company adopted the amended guidance in ASC Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and all related amendments (“new revenue standard”) and applied it to all contracts using the modified retrospective transition method. There were no adjustments to the consolidated January 1, 2018 balance sheet for the adoption of the new revenue standard. As such, comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods. In addition, there was no impact of adoption on the consolidated statements of operations or balance sheets for the nine months ended September 30, 2018.



Revenue Recognition



Revenue is recognized when obligations under the terms of a contract with a customer are satisfied. Generally this occurs with the transfer of control of products or services. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration expected to be received in exchange for transferring goods or providing services. Sales, value add, and other taxes the company collects concurrent with revenue-producing activities are excluded from revenue.



Revenue by Source



The following table disaggregates revenue by major source for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 (in thousands):



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three Months Ended September 30, 2018



Ethanol Production

 

Agribusiness & Energy Services

 

Food & Ingredients

 

Partnership

 

Eliminations

 

Total

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues from contracts with customers under ASC Topic 606:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Ethanol

$

291 

 

$

 -

 

$

 -

 

$

 -

 

$

 -

 

$

291 

 Distillers grains

 

54,687 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

54,687 

 Cattle and vinegar

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

259,224 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

259,224 

 Service revenues

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

983 

 

 

 -

 

 

983 

 Other

 

238 

 

 

680 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

918 

 Intersegment revenues

 

721 

 

 

23 

 

 

38 

 

 

2,597 

 

 

(3,379)

 

 

 -

Total revenues from contracts with customers

 

55,937 

 

 

703 

 

 

259,262 

 

 

3,580 

 

 

(3,379)

 

 

316,103 

Revenues from contracts accounted for as derivatives under ASC Topic 815 (1):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Ethanol

 

440,333 

 

 

93,166 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

533,499 

 Distillers grains

 

56,802 

 

 

44,142 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

100,944 

 Corn oil

 

17,088 

 

 

10,275 

 

 

4,411 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

31,774 

 Grain

 

30 

 

 

21,972 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

22,002 

 Cattle and vinegar

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

(12,522)

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

(12,522)

 Other

 

3,930 

 

 

4,055 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

7,985 

 Intersegment revenues

 

2,392 

 

 

12,669 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

(15,061)

 

 

 -

Total revenues from contracts accounted for as derivatives

 

520,575 

 

 

186,279 

 

 

(8,111)

 

 

 -

 

 

(15,061)

 

 

683,682 

 Leasing revenues under ASC Topic 840 (2)

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

22,190 

 

 

(21,875)

 

 

315 

Total Revenues

$

576,512 

 

$

186,982 

 

$

251,151 

 

$

25,770 

 

$

(40,315)

 

$

1,000,100 



12

 


 

 





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018



Ethanol Production

 

Agribusiness & Energy Services

 

Food & Ingredients

 

Partnership

 

Eliminations

 

Total

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues from contracts with customers under ASC 606:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Ethanol

$

3,391 

 

$

 -

 

$

 -

 

$

 -

 

$

 -

 

$

3,391 

 Distillers grains

 

174,589 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

174,589 

 Cattle and vinegar

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

748,699 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

748,699 

 Service revenues

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

3,430 

 

 

 -

 

 

3,430 

 Other

 

1,570 

 

 

2,012 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

3,582 

 Intersegment revenues

 

2,258 

 

 

23 

 

 

118 

 

 

7,286 

 

 

(9,685)

 

 

 -

Total revenues from contracts with customers

 

181,808 

 

 

2,035 

 

 

748,817 

 

 

10,716 

 

 

(9,685)

 

 

933,691 

Revenues from contracts accounted for as derivatives under ASC Topic 815 (1):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Ethanol

 

1,333,989 

 

 

321,824 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

1,655,813 

 Distillers grains

 

147,203 

 

 

98,060 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

245,263 

 Corn oil

 

52,690 

 

 

22,433 

 

 

12,048 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

87,171 

 Grain

 

500 

 

 

59,101 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

59,601 

 Cattle and vinegar

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

(5,638)

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

(5,638)

 Other

 

12,486 

 

 

42,721 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

55,207 

 Intersegment revenues

 

7,027 

 

 

38,226 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

(45,253)

 

 

 -

Total revenues from contracts accounted for as derivatives

 

1,553,895 

 

 

582,365 

 

 

6,410 

 

 

 -

 

 

(45,253)

 

 

2,097,417 

 Leasing revenues under ASC 840 (2)

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

66,779 

 

 

(65,663)

 

 

1,116 

Total Revenues

$

1,735,703 

 

$

584,400 

 

$

755,227 

 

$

77,495 

 

$

(120,601)

 

$

3,032,224 











(1)

Revenues from contracts accounted for as derivatives represent physically settled derivative sales that are outside the scope of ASC Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASC Topic 606), where the company recognizes revenue when control of the inventory is transferred within the meaning of ASC Topic 606 as required by ASC Topic 610-20, Gains and Losses from the Derecognition of Nonfinancial Assets.

(2)

Leasing revenues do not represent revenues recognized from contracts with customers under ASC Topic 606, and continue to be accounted for under ASC Topic 840, Leases.



Payment Terms



The company has standard payment terms, which vary depending upon the nature of the services provided, with the majority falling within 10 to 30 days after transfer of control or completion of services. In instances where the timing of revenue recognition differs from the timing of invoicing, the company has determined that contracts generally do not include a significant financing component.



Contract Liabilities



The company records unearned revenue when consideration is received, or such consideration is unconditionally due, from a customer prior to transferring goods or services to the customer under the terms of service and lease agreements. Unearned revenue from service agreements, which represents a contract liability, is recorded for fees that have been charged to the customer prior to the completion of performance obligations, and is generally recognized in the subsequent quarter. The company expects to recognize all of the unearned revenue associated with service agreements as of September 30, 2018,  in the subsequent quarter when the inventory is withdrawn from the partnership’s tank storage.



Practical Expedients



Under the new revenue standard, companies may elect various practical expedients upon adoption. As a result, the company elected to recognize the cost for shipping and handling activities that occur after the customer obtains control of the promised goods as fulfillment activities and not when performance obligations are met. The company also elected to exclude sales taxes from transaction prices.









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3.  ACQUISITIONS



Acquisition of Cattle Feeding Operations – Bartlett Cattle Company, L.P.



On August 1, 2018, the company acquired two cattle-feeding operations from Bartlett Cattle Company, L.P. for $16.2 million, plus working capital of approximately $106.6 million primarily consisting of work-in-process inventory. The transaction included the feed yards located in Sublette, Kansas and Tulia, Texas, which added combined feedlot capacity of 97,000 head of cattle to the company’s operations. The transaction was financed using cash on hand and proceeds from the Green Plains Cattle senior secured asset-based revolving credit facility. There were no material acquisition costs recorded for the acquisition.



The following is a summary of the preliminary purchase price of assets acquired and liabilities assumed (in thousands):







 

 

 

 

Amounts of Identifiable Assets Acquired
and Liabilities Assumed

Accounts receivable

 

$

1,897 

Inventory

 

 

104,809 

Property and equipment, net

 

16,190 



 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

(118)



Total identifiable net assets

$

122,778 



The amounts above reflect a working capital payment by the company of $0.9 million made during the third quarter of 2018.



Acquisition of Cattle Feeding Operations – Cargill Cattle Feeders, LLC



On May 16, 2017, the company acquired two cattle-feeding operations from Cargill Cattle Feeders, LLC for $59.3 million, including certain working capital adjustments. The transaction included the feed yards located in Leoti, Kansas and Eckley, Colorado, which added combined feedlot capacity of 155,000 head of cattle to the company’s operations. The transaction was financed using cash on hand. There were no material acquisition costs recorded for the acquisition.



As part of the transaction, the company also entered into a long-term cattle supply agreement with Cargill Meat Solutions Corporation. Under the cattle supply agreement, all cattle placed in the Leoti and Eckley feedlots are sold exclusively to Cargill Meat Solutions under an agreed upon pricing arrangement.



The following is a summary of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed (in thousands):







 

 

 

 

Amounts of Identifiable Assets Acquired
and Liabilities Assumed

Inventory

 

$

22,450 

Prepaid expenses and other

 

 

52 

Property and equipment, net

 

36,960 



 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

(180)



Total identifiable net assets

$

59,282 





The amounts above reflect the final purchase price allocation, which included working capital true-up payments by the company of $1.6 million made during the first half of 2018.













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4.  FAIR VALUE DISCLOSURES



The following methods, assumptions and valuation techniques were used in estimating the fair value of the company’s financial instruments:



Level 1 – unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities the company can access at the measurement date.



Level 2 – directly or indirectly observable inputs such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets other than quoted prices included within Level 1, quoted prices for identical or similar assets in markets that are not active, and other inputs that are observable or can be substantially corroborated by observable market data through correlation or other means. Grain inventories held for sale in the agribusiness and energy services segment are valued at nearby futures values, plus or minus nearby basis.



Level 3 – unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and comprise a significant component of the fair value of the assets or liabilities. The company currently does not have any recurring Level 3 financial instruments.



Derivative contracts include exchange-traded commodity futures and options contracts and forward commodity purchase and sale contracts. Exchange-traded futures and options contracts are valued based on unadjusted quoted prices in active markets and are classified in Level 1. The majority of the company’s exchange-traded futures and options contracts are cash-settled on a daily basis.



There have been no changes in valuation techniques and inputs used in measuring fair value. The company’s assets and liabilities by level are as follows (in thousands):







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Fair Value Measurements at September 30, 2018



Quoted Prices in

Active Markets for

Identical Assets

 

Significant Other
Observable Inputs

 

 

 



(Level 1)

 

(Level 2)

 

Total

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

171,674 

 

$

 -

 

$

171,674 

Restricted cash

 

62,797 

 

 

 -

 

 

62,797 

Inventories carried at market

 

 -

 

 

81,141 

 

 

81,141 

Unrealized gains on derivatives

 

 -

 

 

12,878 

 

 

12,878 

Other assets

 

114 

 

 

 

 

115 

Total assets measured at fair value

$

234,585 

 

$

94,020 

 

$

328,605 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable (1)

$

 -

 

$

15,602 

 

$

15,602 

Unrealized losses on derivatives

 

 -

 

 

18,472 

 

 

18,472 

Other

 

 -

 

 

25 

 

 

25 

Total liabilities measured at fair value

$

 -

 

$

34,099 

 

$

34,099 



15

 


 

 







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements at December 31, 2017



Quoted Prices in

Active Markets for

Identical Assets

 

Significant Other
Observable Inputs

 

 

 



(Level 1)

 

(Level 2)

 

Total

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

266,651 

 

$

 -

 

$

266,651 

Restricted cash

 

45,709 

 

 

 -

 

 

45,709 

Inventories carried at market

 

 -

 

 

26,834 

 

 

26,834 

Unrealized gains on derivatives

 

 -

 

 

12,045 

 

 

12,045 

Other assets

 

115 

 

 

 -

 

 

115 

Total assets measured at fair value

$

312,475 

 

$

38,879 

 

$

351,354 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable (1)

$

 -

 

$

37,401 

 

$

37,401 

Unrealized losses on derivatives

 

 -

 

 

12,884 

 

 

12,884 

Other liabilities

 

 -

 

 

92 

 

 

92 

Total liabilities measured at fair value

$

 -

 

$

50,377 

 

$

50,377 



(1)

Accounts payable is generally stated at historical amounts with the exception of $15.6 million and $37.4 million at September 30, 2018,  and December 31, 2017, respectively, related to certain delivered inventory for which the payable fluctuates based on changes in commodity prices. These payables are hybrid financial instruments for which the company has elected the fair value option.



The company believes the fair value of its debt approximated book value, which was $1.4 billion at September 30, 2018. The company estimated the fair value of its outstanding debt using Level 2 inputs. The company believes the fair value of its accounts receivable approximated book value, which was $135.0 million and $151.1 million at September 30, 2018,  and December 31, 2017, respectively.



Although the company currently does not have any recurring Level 3 financial measurements, the fair values of tangible assets and goodwill acquired and the equity component of convertible debt issued represent Level 3 measurements which were derived using a combination of the income approach, market approach and cost approach for the specific assets or liabilities being valued.





5.  SEGMENT INFORMATION



The company reports the financial and operating performance for the following four operating segments: (1) ethanol production, which includes the production of ethanol and distillers grains, and recovery of corn oil, (2) agribusiness and energy services, which includes grain handling and storage, commodity marketing and merchant trading for company-produced and third-party ethanol, distillers grains, corn oil, natural gas and other commodities, (3) food and ingredients, which includes cattle feeding, vinegar production and food-grade corn oil operations and (4) partnership, which includes fuel storage and transportation services.



Corporate activities include selling, general and administrative expenses, consisting primarily of compensation, professional fees and overhead costs not directly related to a specific operating segment.



During the normal course of business, the operating segments conduct business with each other. For example, the agribusiness and energy services segment procures grain and natural gas and sells products, including ethanol, distillers grains and corn oil for the ethanol production segment. The partnership segment provides fuel storage and transportation services for the ethanol production segment. These intersegment activities are treated like third-party transactions with origination, marketing and storage fees charged at estimated market values. Consequently, these transactions affect segment performance; however, they do not impact the company’s consolidated results since the revenues and corresponding costs are eliminated.



16

 


 

 

The following tables set forth certain financial data for the company’s operating segments (in thousands):







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three Months Ended
September 30,

 

Nine Months Ended
September 30,



2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ethanol production:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues from external customers

$

573,399 

 

$

620,180 

 

$

1,726,418 

 

$

1,857,356 

Intersegment revenues

 

3,113 

 

 

3,579 

 

 

9,285 

 

 

6,624 

Total segment revenues

 

576,512 

 

 

623,759 

 

 

1,735,703 

 

 

1,863,980 

Agribusiness and energy services:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues from external customers

 

174,290 

 

 

164,604 

 

 

546,151 

 

 

483,670 

Intersegment revenues

 

12,692 

 

 

14,406 

 

 

38,249 

 

 

33,679 

Total segment revenues

 

186,982 

 

 

179,010 

 

 

584,400 

 

 

517,349 

Food and ingredients:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues from external customers

 

251,113 

 

 

114,750 

 

 

755,109 

 

 

329,432 

Intersegment revenues

 

38 

 

 

38 

 

 

118 

 

 

113 

Total segment revenues

 

251,151 

 

 

114,788 

 

 

755,227 

 

 

329,545 

Partnership:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues from external customers

 

1,298 

 

 

1,701 

 

 

4,546 

 

 

4,724 

Intersegment revenues

 

24,472 

 

 

24,748 

 

 

72,949 

 

 

74,019 

Total segment revenues

 

25,770 

 

 

26,449 

 

 

77,495 

 

 

78,743 

Revenues including intersegment activity

 

1,040,415 

 

 

944,006 

 

 

3,152,825 

 

 

2,789,617 

Intersegment eliminations

 

(40,315)

 

 

(42,771)

 

 

(120,601)

 

 

(114,435)

Revenues as reported

$

1,000,100 

 

$

901,235 

 

$

3,032,224 

 

$

2,675,182 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Refer to Note 2 - Revenue, for further disaggregation of revenue by operating segment.







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three Months Ended
September 30,

 

Nine Months Ended
September 30,



2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

Cost of goods sold:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ethanol production

$

560,719 

 

$

590,904 

 

$

1,706,891 

 

$

1,802,688